• Textile-Integrated Sensing Solutions

    From idea to market, Planno can be your partner in realizing production-ready textile-based sensor systems, products and wearable technologies.

  • Why Textiles

    The wearable electronics business generated over $14 billion in 2014, and is predicted to rise to over $70 billion by the end of 2024. We believe this is only an indicator of the much larger textile-integrated electronics market that is emerging.


    Textile-integrated electronics add upon, expand and improve the primary properties of the original textile to record, analyse, transmit and display data. They extend the user's senses, and augment the user’s view of reality. They have the potential to provide tremendous extra value to the user, and entirely new categories of products.


    The development of electronics that are integrable into textiles is moving rapidly in tandem with the features that make textiles an outstanding sensing platform. We believe textile-integrated sensor systems will gain wide consumer adoption as well as business feasibility in this decade - and will emerge as a leading sensing technology - due to their following attributes:

    Wide range of options, in addition to sensing

    Intelligent textile based electronic solutions include, in addition to a wide variety of textile sensors, TPU (thermoplastic polyurethane) and silicon-laminated sensors, all of which provide a wide palette of options for different applications and readiness for commercial applications. These include:

    1. Body monitoring
    2. Signal and power transfer
    3. Heating
    4. Antennas
    5. Detectors and actuators
    6. EMI – shielding
    7. Static dissipation control (ESD)

    High comfort for long-term measurement

    Due to their high levels of flexibility and softness,

    textile-based sensors are ideal for longer-term sensing compared to traditional gel-based sensors. This quality provides an essential edge in a number of applications with vast untapped market potential - from professional and protective wear, fashion, sport, well-being, home interiors, automotive construction, gaming, medical and health care. Flexibility of the sensor system deliver highly reliable signalling from specific locations on the body.

    Enable multiple sensors simultaneously

    These are some of the textile-based sensors which can be actuated simultaneously:

    1. Heart rate, heart rate variability, heart activity (ECG)
    2. Stress level and sleep quality (ECG)
    3. Brain function and vitality level (EEG)
    4. Muscle rate and balance (EMG)
    5. Body motions and postures (EMG)
    6. Body composition; fat content and fluid balance (EBI)
    7. Lung function (EIT)
    8. Respiration rate and frequency
    9. Skin conductivity
    10. Temperature

    Low visibility or near invisibility

    Textile platforms and UI enable the invisible integration of sensor systems between the layers and seams of products. This means that final products will not be obtrusive and unappealing. Also, they can often be well-concealed into beautiful form factors and original features. This makes the technology go that last critical mile in gaining consumer acceptance, catering to their sensibilities and tastes, and making usable and pleasurable user interfaces.

  • Applications

    These are some of the main application areas that we are working within.

    Fitness and Wellness

    Textile electronics-based body monitoring systems have already been a part of everyday life in sports, fitness and wellness for over a decade. Today, many products such as Polar Wearlink, Suunto Comfort Belt, Garmin Ant, and Adidas Micoach, provide textile-based heart rate monitoring straps. Garment-integrated wearable electrode solutions are available from Numetrex, Under Armour, and PureLime, among other companies. Myontec has launched a textile sensor-based application called MBody sportswear. This application measures the load, balance and the efficiency and intensity of muscles.

    The measurement of heart and muscle function together with lung function is relevant for a wide range of applications in fitness and wellness solutions.

    Medical and Health

    To prevent and monitor chronic diseases, long-term monitoring of patient vital functions is necessary, and the use of textile electrodes embedded in clothing is an obvious and relevant solution. However, health is in many ways a personal and sensitive issue. Therefore, especially for long-term body monitoring, clothing is a natural, comfortable and invisible platform for electronics. Traditional gel-based electrodes are not meant for continuous monitoring due to the risk of skin irritation.


    A rapidly growing area in healthcare is the combination of wearable home care monitoring solutions with mobile health applications, referred to as mHealth. Product acceptance increases when the electronics are embedded and cannot be touched or felt. It measures the heartbeat and breathing rate, while the user’s mobile phone works as a display, allowing the user to follow remotely the health condition of family members.


    According to Qualcomm Life, home-based remote monitoring will save $305 billion in the USA in the next decade as a result of increased productivity in the medical industry, in addition to a further $205 billion due to the widespread adoption of this technology. There are 300 million people in Europe and North America and 860 million people worldwide who have at least one chronic disease, and it is estimated that 25% of these individuals would benefit immediately from wireless home monitoring solutions.


    A motion-activated garment or textile solution with integrated user interfaces for games and music could help in rehabilitation and provide a general good feeling. As this is combined to location technology and vital sign measurements it opens wide application opportunities in game sector. A textile sensor is able to detect and measure the user and the environment. Electrodes made of textile fibre material are a competing technology for the old-school plastic-moulded electrodes. Textile electrodes are comfortable and soft during use, while a plastic electrode has a less flexible surface, which may also feel uncomfortable during skin contact. A textile electrode is lightweight, flexible, and even stretchable, and can be formed and shaped almost without limitations.

    Body monitoring could be a part of the game. The detection of activity and movement of muscles (orientation, and force when combined with acceleration sensors) and / or level of heartbeat, as well as brain functions could be linked to tasks performed in the game play. 

  • Services

    Planno offers consultancy services in 3 main areas

    Idea to mass production of textile-based sensing systems and products

    We provide a 4 step service: concept creation, technical R&D and design of product, production documentation and sourcing as well as production quality management services. 

    We leverage our extensive network of partners to make this possible.

    Idea to mass production for traditional and functional apparel designers and brands

    We help clothing designers and brand owners with end-to-end technical consulting- to build reliable supplier relationships in smart and functional properties of materials and product: we also help with scaling up their businesses by helping them establish an effective supply chain. We leverage our extensive network of partners to make this possible.

    Sustainable international apparel production methods & tools

    We help our clients find, evaluate and choose environmentally and socially responsible manufacturing methods for textile products, including supplier responsibility evaluation.



    • Idea
    • Features
    • Technologies
    • Market


    • Sensor System
    • Textile UI
    • Product


    • Evaluation
    • Planning
    • Optimisation


    • Quality
    • Audits
    • Relationship



    • Idea portfolio
    • Market potential of ideas
    • Ideal features
    • Material evaluation
    • System-technology exploration
    • Target-cost definition 
    • Sourcing & production alternatives

    Outcomes: Comprehensive concept documentation for product verification




    • SENSOR: Construction design, materials / components specification, sensor component verification
    • SYSTEM: Style design, textile structure design, material specification, prototyping, sensor integration to textile platform



    Verified prototype with complete product specifications and manufacturing instructions for sourcing



    • Sourcing strategy & plan
    • Global supplier scan 
    • Supplier evaluation & auditing: capacity, up-scaling potential, machinery & facilities assessment, responsible manufacturing readiness, target price negotiation based on final product documentation

    OUTCOMES: Supplier alternatives and recommendations for desired final product production



    • Production process optimisation
    • Manual of customer requirements 
    • Quality manual
    • Supplier evaluation & auditing tools


    Product is realized in production while meeting optimisation goals and strengthening supplier relationships towards long term cooperation

  • Background: Elina Ilén

    Planno's expertise and services are driven its co-founder, Elina Ilén


    Elina is a business and target oriented person, having the project management skills added with high knowledge about materials and textile technologies, combined with excellent problem solving capabilities. Her main professional target is to gain the goals of the project in order to guarantee more value for your company.


    Elina has extensive experience working with a large number of Nordic and international brands and companies in various areas of conceptual, technological innovation and consumer and user experience design.

    In addition, she has worked with a number of leading companies and partners in every phase of textile-based sensor development.

  • Education

    Doctor's Degree in Technology (Material Science) from Tampere University of Technology, Finland, 2015.

    Doctor’s Thesis: “Decontamination of wearable textile electrodes for medical and healthcare applications”

    Major: Supply Chain Management

    Minor: Technical Textiles (inc. medical and smart materials and textiles)

    Minor: Electronics


    Link to Doctor's thesis:


    Master’s Degree in Technology (Fiber, Textile and Clothing Science) from Tampere University of technology, Finland, 1999.

    Master’s Thesis: “Children’s cold-protective clothing”

    Major: Garment and Footwear Production Technology

    Minors: Mechanical Textile Technology and Industrial Management (Both as wide as major)


    Patents: Co-inventor of 5 patents in the area of wearable technology: FI 112913, FI 20010311, FI 20021017, FI 110459 and FI 20000400.


    Global experience: 20 years of global business experience in leading R&D and commercialization of projects from idea to mass production for wearable technology and functional clothing, while working in a very hands-on way.


    Network: Having a wide network of professionals from different fields to be utilized when needed for any of the process stages: Concept Creation, R&D, Sourcing and / or Production.


    Textile and related materials: Self-cleaning and self-healing materials, repellent finishes, conductive materials, textile dyeing and printing, color change printings, transfer reflectors, illuminating materials, insulation materials, cooling and recyclable, recycled and impact absorbing materials. The follow-up of eco-trends in textiles processes like development of dry processes in dyeing and printing.


    Textile and Garment Technologies: Fiber forming, knitting, weaving, finishing technologies (water and soil repellent, antibacterial, antiodor, UV protection), dyeing, printing, laminating, bonding, coating, welding, laser cutting, sewing.


    Product Total Quality Management in Supply Chain: Scheduling tools, product documentation, supplier evaluation and nominations process and tools, quality manuals, production quality management process, operational manual, responsible business practices.


    Business development: Following of academic research, trends and consumer behavior, funding systems for R&D projects, innovation and R&D processes, new supplier & new material search & development (inc. specifying, testing, verifying and evaluation), production methods and efficiency


    1. Textile Electrodes in Electrical Bioimpedance, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E. Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, The 6th International Workshop on Wearable Micro and Nanosystems for Personalised Health, Oslo, Norway 2009.


    2. Textile Electrodes in Electrical Bioimpedance Measurements – A Comparison with Conventional Ag / Ag Cl Electrodes, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E.Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2009,

    Minneapolis, USA 2009.


    3. Comparison of Dry-Textile Electrodes for Electrical Bioimpedance Spectroscopy Measurements, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E.Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, The XIVth International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance, Florida USA 2010.