The sensing textile adds, expands and improves the properties of the original textile application. Electronics embedded in textiles or clothing provide extra value to the user. The sensing solution enables the clothing or textiles to record, analyse, transmit and display the data. The data can extend the users senses, augment the user’s view of reality and provide useful information, anytime and anywhere. Sensing textile materials are lightweight, flexible, elastic, washable and can even tolerate decontamination procedures like disinfection and sterilization.
A textile sensor is able to detect and measure the user and the environment. It is meant be used for a long term measurement. Electrodes made of textile fibre material are a competing technology for the old-school plastic-moulded electrodes. Textile electrodes are comfortable and soft during use, while the plastic electrode has a less flexible surface, which may also feel uncomfortable and even irritate the skin during the skin contact. A textile electrode is lightweight, flexible, and even stretchable, and can be formed and shaped almost without limitations. The formable textile electodes provide solution for the production in smaller lots because the variation required for different applications is easy to accommodate. The flexibility in all directions of an electrode is an important property e.g. in body-monitoring applications, where proper skin contact with the textile electrode is essential.
For body monitoring measurements
Heart rate, heart rate variability, heart activity (ECG)
Stress level and sleep quality (ECG)
Brain function and vitality level (EEG)
Muscle rate and balance (EMG)
Body motions and postures (EMG)
Body composition; fat content and fluid balance (EBI)
Lung function (EIT)
Respiration rate and frequency
FOR VARIOUS OTHER FUNCTIONS
- Signal and power transfer
- Detectors and actuators
- EMI – shielding
- Static dissipation control (ESD)
Application areas for sensing textiles
The sophisticated manufacturing technologies enable the invisible and seamless integration of electronics or the other hard components to textile product. On the other hand elastic textile electrodes and cables can be bonded onto fabric without losing the elasticity of the layer structure.
Lamination and bonding of components
The service concept covers all the back-end services from idea creation to production management. Planno has a reliable and a global network of professionals and suppliers in entire supply chain of textile-based products.
- Managing concept design process
- Data gathering methods
- Facilitation of workshops
- Idea creation
- Idea evaluations
Product design, research and development
- Product design
- Electronic component integration
- Specifying and validating
- Material properties
- Material suppliers
- Manufacturing technologies
Production management via global supplier network
- Production management
- Effective production development
- Manufacturing process
- Sophisticated assembly technologies
- Laser cutting
- Ultrasonic welding
- Laminating and coating
- Quality management development
Global supply chain development
- Building effective supply chain
- New supplier sourcing and validation
- Supplier evaluation systems
- Operational manuals for sourcing
D.Sc Elina Ilén, CEO
- D.Sc. Tech in Material Science, Thesis: "Decontamination of Wearable Textile Electrodes for Medical and Health Care Applications (Wearable Technology)
- M.Sc. Tech in Fiber, Textile and Clothing Science, Thesis: Childrens cold protective clothing (Clothing Physiology)
- Co-inventor of five patents in the area of wearable technology
- Inventor of ReimaGO -Concept in year 2015. www.reimago.com
- Deep knowledge of functional, high-tech and smart and electronic materials and textiles
- Strong understanding of the cutting edge manufacturing technologies of texile products
- Reliable global supplier and professional network in entire supply chain for all kind of textile-based products
- 20 -year global experience of innovation management, R&D projects, production ramp-ups and quality management of wearable electronics, high-tech textiles and garments
- Expert level knowledge of Asian business culture with strong personal relationships
- Project Lead in Aalto University, School of Arts and Design, Main research topic: The long term vital functions measurements via textiles electrodes for medical research and diagnostics. Ongoing research projects:
- 2018-2022 Rhytms In Infants Brains - develops textile -based wearable technology to detect infants neurological disorders via monitoring abnormal movements, sleep cycles and brain signals. Funded by Academy of Finland, Research Foundation of Pediatrics Research, Finland Brains Foundation In Finland
- 2019-2022 Sun Powered Textiles - intergrates textiles on the commercial solar cells and optimises textiles' optical properties in order to harvest energy through the textile from artifcial light. Funded by Business Finland and company partners Lindström, Foxa and Haltian.
- Professor in Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, BarcelonaTech, Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Professorship is funded by Maria Zambrano foundation.
- Research areas: Smart textiles and wearable technology, circular economy and recycling of textile based materials.
- Teaching: Smart textiles and research project management.
- Research projects: Project initiation and planning, consortium building, funding instruments and applications, and leadership and management
Optimisation of knitted fabrics as visually concealing covers for textile-integrated photovoltaics. Halme, J., Elsehrawy, F., Blomstedt, B., Ilén, E., Palovuori, E. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. January 2023.
Sun Powered Textiles, Designing energy autonomous electrotextile systems with solar cells. Ilén, E., Halme, J., Palovuori E., Blomstedt, B.,Elsehrawy, F., Arts Books. October 2022.
https://shop.aalto.fi/p/1810-sun-powered-textiles/ (for free)
Developing disposable EEG cap for Infant recordings at the neonatal intensive care unit. Asayesh, A., Ilen, E., Metsäranta, M.,Vanhatalo, S. Sensors. October 2022.
Intelligent wearable allows out-of-the-lab tracking of developing motor abilities in infants. Airaksinen M., Gallen, A., Kivi, A., Vijayakrishnan, P., Häyrinen, T., Ilén, E., Räsänen, O., Haataja, L.M., Vanhatalo, S. Nature Communications Medicine, June 2022
Designing Change: New Opportunities for Organisations, eds. Valtonen A., Nikkinen, P., Book Chapter 3: Valuable Measurements with Electronic Textiles, Ilén E. May 2022. p.112-119.
Washable textile embedded solar cells for self-powered wearables, Ilen, E., Elsehrawy, F., Palovuori, E. & Halme, J., 27 April 2022, In: Research Journal of Textile and Apparel.
An openly available wearable, a diaper cover, monitors infant's respiration and position during rest and sleep, Ranta, J., Ilen, E., Palmu, K., Salama, J., Roienko, O. & Vanhatalo, S., 19 Jun 2021, In: Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics.
Vauvan älyvaatteet: hypeä ja lupausta paremmasta terveydenhoidosta. (Smart Textiles of infants: hype and promise of improved healthcare) Vanhatalo, S., Airaksinen, M., Ilen, E., Häyrinen, T., Ranta, J., Räsänen, O. & Haataja, L., 25 Mar 2021, In: Duodecim: Lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja. 10 p.
Automatic Posture and Movement Tracking of Infants with Wearable Movement Sensors. Airaksinen, M., Räsänen, O., Ilen, E., Häyrinen, T., Kivi, A., Marchi, V., Gallen, A., Blom, S., Varhe, A., Kaartinen, N., Haataja, L. & Vanhatalo, S., 13 Jan 2020, In: Scientific Reports. 10, 1, 13 p.
Review of the end-of-life solutions in electronics-based smart textiles. Veske, P. & Ilen, E., 26 Sep 2020, In: Journal of Textile Institute. 13 p.
Improving sustainability in the value chain of apparel industry empowered with social manufacturing, Mohajeri, B., Kauranen, I.,Nyberg, T.,Ilén, E., Nelson, M. & Gang, X., Nov. 2020, IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, ICIEA 2020. p. 235-240.
Recycling of Vat and Reactive Dyed Textile Waste to New Colored Man-Made Cellulose Fibers, Simone Haslinger S, Wang Y., Rissanen, M., Tanttu M., Ilén, E., Määttänen, M., Hummel, M., Sixta, H. Green Chemistry. 15 p. 2019
User experience of wearable infant sleep monitoring system for medical research and diagnostics, Ilen, E., Agosta, N.., Ranta, J., Airaksinen, M., Haataja, L. & Vanhatalo, S., 13 Jun 2019, AUTEX Conference proceedings 2019, 6 p.
Empathy in a Technology Driven Design Process: Designing for Users without a Voice of their Own, Ilen, E., Groth, C., Ahola, M. & Niinimäki, K., 3 Jun 2019, NORDES 2019: WHO CARES?. Nordic Design Research Conference, 11 p.
Colour management in circular economy: decolourization of cotton waste, Määttänen, M., Asikainen, S., Kamppuri, T., Ilen, E., Niinimäki, K., Tanttu, M. & Harlin, A., 29 May 2019, In: Research Journal of Textile and Apparel. 23, 2, p. 134-152 19 p
High performance Technical Textiles, ed. Roshan Paul, Book Chapter 3: Sport Textiles and Comfort Aspects, Harlin, A., Jussila, K., Ilén E. p.37-68. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2019
Colours in a Circular Economy, Niinimäki, K.,; Smirnova, Eugenia; Ilen, E., Sixta, H., Hummel, M. 2017, Conference Publication University of the Arts London
Decontamination of Wearable Textile Electrodes for Medical and Health Care Applications Ilen E., Publication 1305. Tampere University of Technology, Tampere Finland 2015.
Textile Electrodes in Electrical Bioimpedance, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E. Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, The 6th International Workshop on Wearable Micro and Nanosystems for Personalised Health, Oslo, Norway 2009.
Textile Electrodes in Electrical Bioimpedance Measurements – A Comparison with Conventional Ag / Ag Cl Electrodes, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E.Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2009, Minneapolis, USA 2009.
Comparison of Dry-Textile Electrodes for Electrical Bioimpedance Spectroscopy Measurements, J.C. Marquez, F. Seoane, E.Välimäki (Ilén) and K. Lindecrantz, The XIVth International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance, Florida USA 2010.